Vishwa Press Parishad

Who was Deendayal Upadhyay, the man PM Narendra Modi often refers to in his speeches?


Sep 2017


On September 25, the year-long birth centenary celebration for Bharatiya Jana Sangh leader Deendayal Upadhyay will come to an end with Prime Minister Narendra Modi, a host of senior ministers of his government and BJP leaders paying tribute to the party ideologue.
At Kozhikode last year, PM Narendra Modi had kick-started the nationwide celebration programme to mark the birth centenary of Deendayal Upadhyay.
Two committees were formed to execute the programme launched by the Modi government. PM Narendra Modi chaired nearly 150-member national panel while Home Minister Rajnath Singh headed a 23-member executive committee. A budget of Rs 100 crore was allocated for the functions.
The BJP has called its national executive meet in New Delhi on the birth anniversary of Deendayal Upadhyay in the national capital on September 25. More than 2,200 including chief ministers are expected to attend the executive meet.
Tributes will be paid to him while the party members will discuss and devise strategy to counter the negative narrative about GST and demonetisation. Deendayal Upadhyay will be portrayed as the inspiration for economic and pro-poor policies of the Narendra Modi government. But, many still don’t know who Deendayal Upadhyay was.
If one goes by the history books, not much is written about Deendayal Upadhyay, who the BJP and RSS believe was as good a visionary as Mahatma Gandhi. Deendayal Upadhyay was born in Mathura in 1916 – the year Mahatma Gandhi engineered Congress-Muslim League pact in Lucknow – to an astrologer father and devout mother.
By the time, Deendayal Upadhyay was eight, he was an orphan and lived his life in misery and struggles. Given the family background, his achievements were bright. He excelled at school examination, earned scholarships to continue his studies and secured a BA degree in English. Owing to death of a close relative, Deendayal Upadhyay could not complete his MA.
Later, he qualified the civil services examination, where he got his nickname as Panditji for appearing in the examination hall wearing tradition dhoti-kurta and cap.
Even after securing the top position in the civil services examination, Deendayal Upadhyay did not join the government service. He rather became, in 1942, a life-time volunteer of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, which he had joined five years ago.